Pregnancy is a journey lasting 40 weeks. The journey is categorized into three trimesters, and the first one is integral. The first trimester is between the fertilization of the egg and week 12. There is a need for you to understand the first trimester in-depth, especially what to expect.

Once the egg has been fertilized, your body will experience multiple changes. The changes experienced throughout the 12 weeks makes women choosy.

Additionally, women develop a list of concerns. For instance, a pregnant woman will always be concerned about their meals, their weight addition, prenatal care, and tests that they ought to take.

As a pregnant mom, you are expected to understand what to expect in all the trimesters. Informed moms are always capable of making life-changing decisions concerning the pregnancy.

Will you record body changes in the first trimester?

Right from conception, your body will experience so many changes. Hormonal fluctuation takes place, which reacts with your body extensively. The hormones tend to affect the normal functioning of your body organs.

Here are some of the body changes or signs in the first trimester.

Missed period

To begin with, you will miss your period, which is a clear indication that you are pregnant. You can’t have your menstrual cycle while pregnant. Nonetheless, there are instances when you could experience spotting.


The fertilized egg tends to implant itself in your uterus marking its territory. The implantation will keep forming and developing, and this demands a lot of energy from your body. Consequently, you will experience a lot of tiredness.


The idea that you are pregnant does pose so many concerns. Women get anxious quickly, which makes you somewhat stressed. Therefore, you will record a series of mild headache pains during the first trimester.

Heartburn, constipation, and bloating

Due to slowed digestion, gas from the stomach gas rises up the esophagus. As a result, you will experience a lot of heartburns. Bloating is also a possibility since digestion is slow causing constipation. It is common for pregnant women to feel the urge of letting out gas.

Mild cramps

The majority of the women experience mild cramping as implantation takes place. The uterine walls tend to stretch causing mild cramps. Spotting could accompany the cramping due to the implantation.

Morning sickness

Majority of pregnant women experience morning sickness in the first trimester; it’s very normal. The symptoms of morning sickness are vomiting and nausea. There is no definite time when you could vomit or have nausea.

Revulsions and cravings for given foods

It is very normal for pregnant women to hate certain foods and crave for others. Today, one might be craving for this food and feel disgusted by the same food tomorrow. The changes in food preferences and cravings surface due to hormonal change.

Mood swings

Pregnant women are unpredictable when it comes to their moods. In the first trimester, you will keep experiencing a lot of mood swings which is common.

How is the fetus during the 1st trimester?

Conception takes place ten to fourteen days after your last menstrual cycle. The process takes place after an egg is released from your ovaries and is fertilized by the sperm. The development of the baby then commences and it is overly rapid.

The development of the baby starts with the formation of the brain and the backbone. A baby’s heart develops also in this trimester and starts beating.

All the organs of the baby will form and develop in the first trimester. At the end of the trimester, the sex organ of the child forms. The baby will weigh around 1 ounce and is 3 inches long.

Visiting the doctor

Immediately after recognizing the pregnancy, you should visit a doctor. A pregnancy test will be availed to confirm the pregnancy. The doctor will also examine your medical history and any medicine you are currently enrolled to.

Prenatal vitamins play an integral role in pregnancy. The baby needs all nutrients and so do you. Prenatal vitamins contain folic acid which is highly required for the overall development of the baby’s brain.

Your doctor is obligated with the task of availing an ultrasound to confirm whether you are pregnant and whether the baby is forming accordingly. There are risk factors like sexually transmitted ailments and conditions like anemia, that the doctor needs to examine.

Nuchal translucency scan is necessitated, and it should be performed around week 11. The scan will help examine the head of your unborn child as well as the circumference of their neck. The scan will help pinpoint whether the baby will have Down syndrome at birth.

Genetic screening should also take place in the first trimester. Nonetheless, you need to make inquiries with your doctor and understand whether it is significant. Genetic testing enables you to examine whether the baby will have any genetic ailments after birth.

Forging a healthy lifestyle in the 1st trimester

As a pregnant woman, you need to have a list of dos and don’ts. First, you need to take a prenatal vitamin daily. The diet must also be balanced and healthy hence incorporating all the significant nutrients.

Pelvic floor exercise is necessitated as well as kegel exercise. There are exercise experts and lessons that you can enroll through. Beware of strenuous exercise.

Staying hydrated saves your day from the wrath of bloating and constipation. Additionally, you need to have a fiber-rich diet. You will benefit a great deal when you keep dairy products and hot dogs away until you deliver.

Taking substances like alcohol and caffeine must be dispensed entirely. There is a higher tendency of women drinking alcohol and smoking while pregnant, which is dangerous to the baby.

Defining the right time to inform loved ones, friends and colleagues at work

Your partner needs to learn about pregnancy. Nonetheless, you need to hold the news for some time before telling your colleagues at work or other family members. The majority of the miscarriages happen during the first trimester, and it is best if you wait before sharing the news.

Ensure to apply for maternity leave. Your employer has their predefined policies regarding maternity leaves, which you need to examine thoroughly.

Understanding the first trimester helps you plan effortlessly for the remaining trimesters. The first trimester is significant for the baby, and your choices matter a great deal. 

What should you not do in your first trimester?

It would be wise to visit your doctor so that you can get the best advice on what to avoid during the first trimester. For example , avoid overdoing caffeine and also avoid certain medications. You should not wear stilettos also.

How do you feel in the first trimester of pregnancy?

During the first trimester, you will experience, heart burn, nausea, fatigue, metallic taste and food aversions

How do you get through your first trimester?

To get through the first trimester easily, you should try and wear a comfortable bra, get enough rest , ensure the baby is fed all the time, hydrate and ensure you identify the sensitive smells.

How much should I be eating in my first trimester?

On average, you should eat around 2,000 calories in a day. The aim is to have three meals a day and snacks to compliment them.